St.Pauls Organ

 

 

 

The First Organ of St Paul's 

The organ was first built by Henry Cephas Lincoln and was reportedly played by Felix Mendelssohn From 1843 to 1863 it was seated on the west end gallery and was then moved to a new position in the north transept. 1874 saw a radical re-build and tonal re-design by the then famous and highly respected organ builder Wadsworth & Co of Manchester. This brought with it developed choruses on the Swell and Great Organs and a new choir division. A further re-build occurred in 1897 by Alexander Young and then a dramatic rebuild and re-ordering of the layout of the instrument happened in 1957 by Charles A Smethurst. The this date it is debatable whether this was an inspired or a short sighted and disaterous project. The 1957 rebuild enlarged the organ by over 20 stops and added much needed reed choruses to the Swell. Unfortunately it also bears the scars of some of the trends of the time. In 1994 a significant refurbishment was undertaken which addressed some of these problems. By 2008 the organ was becoming increasingly unreliable, and by 2012 the decision was made to close the organ and replace it with and interim digital instrument.

The Viscount Organ 2012

The Viscount has been in St Paul’s since September 2012. It utilises the new Physis physical modelling technology which creates sounds based on a model of a pipe rather than a recorded sample.

This new technology not only enables the organ to be voiced form the console without need of a computer but also enables the organist to change stop waveforms (from a built-in library) as required.

The organ also has a bespoke speaker system which was made by Marc Ogier of Hush Audio. The speakers are placed in their respective places (as with the division of the previous pipe organ) and are the result of many years’ research and development. They  have been created with the aim of providing a true organ speaker for English organs rather than the continentally ‘thin’ sounding offerings on the market or the P.A. speakers used by some companies

The organ is in St Paul’s an interim instrument until we install a permant organ, this we hope to do within the next 2 years.

Pedal Organ

 

Great  Organ

 

Swell  Organ

 

Choir  Organ

 

Double Open Wood

32

Double Diapason

16

Lieblich Bourdon

16

Open Diapason

8

Open Wood

16

Open Diapason I

8

Geigen Diapason

8

Gedackt

8

Open Metal

16

Open Diapason II

8

Chimney Flute

8

Gemshorn

4

Bourdon

16

Hohl Flute

8

Viol de Gamba

8

Lieblich Flute

4

Principal

8

Stopped Diapason

8

Voix Celeste

8

Nazard

2.2/3

Bass Flute

8

Principal

4

Geigen Principal

4

Flageolet

2

Fifteenth

4

Harmonic Flute

4

Wald Flute

4

Tierce

1.3/5

Mixture

IV

Twelfth

2.2/3

Fifteenth

2

Larigot

1.1/3

Contra Bombarde

32

Fifteenth

2

Sesquialtera

II

Cymabale

III

Trombone

16

Mixture

IV

Mixture

IV

Clarinet

8

Trumpet

8

Double Trumpet

16

Contra Fagotto

16

Tuba Mirabilis

8

   

Trumpet

8

Cornopean

8

   
   

Clarion

4

Oboe

8

   
       

Vox Humana

8

   
       

Clarion

4

   

Great to Pedal

 

Tremulant

 

Tremulant

 

Tremulant

 

Swell to Pedal

 

Swell to Great

 

Swell to Choir

     

Choir to Pedal

 

Choir to Great